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DIY workshop for making a wooden table

DIY workshop for making a wooden table

A table is a basic piece of furniture that is present in almost every room. Modern manufacturers offer many options for every taste, but it is not always possible to purchase an expensive model. You can go the other way and make a table with your own hands, picking up a suitable drawing. The most creative products are obtained from improvised materials. In this case, the costs will be limited only to the purchase of fittings.

Wood selection

The main properties of wood are hardness, density, strength, susceptibility to degradation. Wood species are divided into two classes: soft and hard. Among the first, chestnut, alder, willow are distinguished, they are easily processed with any tool. Hard (oak, walnut) require special blades for work.

For making a wooden table with your own hands fit:

  • oak;
  • Red tree;
  • maple;
  • nut;
  • cedar;
  • beech.

Oak is one of the most popular materials, it is known for strength and durability, in these indicators it has no competitors. It is attributed to materials of medium hardness. Oak is not prone to shape changes, which distinguishes it from other semi-solid wood species. The grinding process is difficult. In the manufacture of tables, two types of oak are used - red and white, the latter being the hardest and densest.

The worldwide availability of mahogany makes it the obvious choice for making tables. Semi-soft texture makes work easier. The material has excellent grinding, sawing qualities. Rough texture requires putty.

Maple has a uniform structure, which allows it to be stylized as more expensive breeds. This is the hardest wood, second only to birch, which is rarely used for furniture. Maple has warm, light shades, suitable for different styles of interior. For milling use exclusively sharp carbide circular saws and drills. The adhesive does not always adhere to the smooth, hard surface of the dowel holes. When assembling a table from maple, care must be taken.

Walnut products are highly durable, but the weight of the table increases. It is used to design expensive interiors; it belongs to valuable breeds. Perfect for carving, creating lace ornaments.

Cedar is a traditionally used material. It is suitable for furniture that is planned to be used on the street, since the material is not subject to decay. It has a soft texture that is easy to work with, great for carving.

Mahogany and cedar are mainly used for the manufacture of outdoor tables, chairs, sun loungers.

Beech is a solid and durable tree; in hardness it surpasses cherries, hornbeams, birch and many other species. Products from it are characterized by durability, it is actively used for furniture, which is used in educational institutions.

The leaders in popularity are pine and spruce wood, beech occupies the third position. However, the best options for making a table with your own hands are maple, oak, birch, beech.

Red tree

In the manufacture of furniture, the following elements are used:

  1. Timber. Only legs and a frame are made of bars - a support for the countertop. For processing, a chainsaw is used.
  2. Array Use to create a solid countertop. Processed using a jigsaw.
  3. Boards. With a tight layout form a cover. To grind the edges using a grinding machine or flap disc. For fitting to the required dimensions, a hand saw or a longitudinal hacksaw is used.

Experienced craftsmen use a circular saw to work with wood, but its installation is a complex process, the use of this tool is also fraught with certain difficulties.


Materials and Tools

Even the simplest table design will require a considerable amount of cost. Today, natural wood is quite expensive, so many opt for chipboard, chipboard, MDF. These materials are cheaper, but have a shorter life. To save money, use improvised materials that could remain after the repair.

The fasteners provide a reliable connection of the tabletop lid with the body, but at the same time allows the material to expand and contract when humidity changes. As fasteners, several options are used:

  • screws;
  • Z-shaped holders;
  • wooden clamps;
  • fasteners-eights.

For work you need:

  • sandpaper;
  • varnish for wood processing;
  • pencil of medium hardness.

You will also need a number of tools:

  • jigsaw;
  • milling cutter;
  • Grinder;
  • screwdriver;
  • drills of different diameters;
  • square;
  • stationery knife;
  • knife for cutting wood;
  • pliers;
  • tape measure at least 3 meters long.

Some of the tools are replaced by improvised tools that almost everyone has in a set of home tools, but this is allowed only for soft wood.

Popular designs

Depending on the size of the room, on how many people will use the table, choose its shape and size. There are several variations on the type of design:

  1. T-shaped - suitable for large rectangular rooms. The standard size is 80 x 160 cm. The desk has exactly such dimensions. If the countertop will be used for the holidays, then the product will be especially convenient - the birthday man can sit at the head, he has the opportunity to see everyone else. If the seats at the head of the table are unoccupied, then this part is an ideal place for decoration. Easy to approach from any direction, which simplifies serving.
  2. U-shaped - suitable for rooms of any size. Suitable for coffee, cabinet and kitchen tables. One of the most popular options.
  3. E-shaped - used in spacious rooms. Suitable for mass celebrations.
  4. Oval or round table. Not suitable for small rooms. 4 persons are freely accommodated at oval tables, no more than 5 at round tables.

The large table is suitable for celebrations and celebrations, at which many guests. Small items are ideal for a small family. The standard dimensions of the countertops are as follows:

  • 4 people - from 80 x 120 to 100 x 150;
  • 6 people - from 80 x 180 to 100 x 200;
  • 8 people - from 80 x 240 to 100 x 260;
  • 12 people - from 80 x 300 - 100 x 320.
Standard tabletop sizes

By purpose, tables are divided into such varieties:

  • office or computer;
  • kitchen;
  • low journal;
  • dressing with a built-in mirror;
  • dinner table;
  • for the tv.

It is best to put a coffee table in front of the sofa in the living room.

Low journal
Dressing with integrated mirror
For tv

According to the shape of the base, the tables are distinguished:

  1. With 4 legs. Classic, the model is justified by a variety of materials, seat comfort.
  2. With 2 legs. There are options with two X-shaped legs or durable, made of solid wood with a jumper from the bottom.
  3. Designer designs. There are tables with 3 legs, stylized as baroque. Options with one support are round or oval in shape, at such a table can accommodate a large company.
With 2 legs

Products are made of many materials. The choice is determined by the purpose and operating conditions:

  1. Chipboard is a low-cost raw material. The low cost of the design affects wear resistance. Such countertops do not last long.
  2. Fiberboard. More expensive and reliable option. High moisture resistance, long service life.
  3. Array of wood. Products are characterized by durability, reliability. They look aesthetically pleasing and can easily be combined with any design solution. Natural high quality material is expensive.
  4. Glass. Glass countertops are easily cleaned of dirt, visually expand the space.
  5. A rock. In order to make a stone table, use natural and artificial raw materials. The stone structure is characterized by high weight and high density.
  6. Mosaic. Mosaic elements can be ceramic glass or acrylic. From improvised materials, egg shells, shells, pebbles, wooden saw cuts are suitable.
  7. Boards. Such a product is easiest to make yourself. To increase the life of the furniture using grooved boards.

By design, the tables are stationary and folding. The former are characterized by massiveness and high price. Foldable options are easy to fold, move to the right place, they are compact and convenient. This option is especially suitable for a small kitchen.

Solid wood
A rock

Selection and adaptation of the drawing

To make a table at home, you definitely need a scheme that you can perform yourself. The drawing of the countertop should be as clear and accurate as possible. It will be necessary to indicate what kind of fasteners connect the countertop, what dimensions the legs have, how they connect to each other and the countertop.

Table sizes are easily adapted to your own needs. If the created product is designed for children, then reduce the height. The height of the coffee table should be such that it is convenient to use it while in the chair or sitting on the couch.

Drawings and schemes will consist of 4 parts: main view, two sides, top view of a wooden table. They start from the main view, where the height, width and length of the product, its shape are determined. Then draw a side view, all the main parameters should coincide with the first drawing. The last diagram is a top view.

Tables made of solid wood do-it-yourself, made according to the finished drawings, require reliable material with good load-bearing capacity. Furniture drawings can be adapted to your desires, it is enough to change the dimensions of the corresponding elements. Each part is submitted to a separate drawing with all the clarifications: the main dimensions, the axis of the holes and the edge trim. Making large tables will take longer. It should be noted that it is better for a beginner to start with tabletops for tea drinking of a small size. Using only improvised materials, it will not be possible to create a product with decorative elements.

The optimal height parameters are in the range from 70 to 75 cm. If you make the table lower, then the back will hurt from sitting behind it.The thickness of the countertops depends on the thickness of the selected board.

Manufacturing steps

The assembly process consists of several stages. First, sawing out the elements of the table from wood, grinding and sanding parts. Then assembled according to the finished drawing or draw your plan.

Parts preparation

First, they cut the countertop, the ring of the underframe, trims. The edges are thoroughly sanded. If necessary, the wood is treated with wood stain and primed. In some cases, re-grinding may be necessary to remove the raised pile. Then create a basement. The surfaces of the product are properly ground. Before assembly, all parts must be checked for burrs.

Saw the countertop, the ring of the underframe, trims
Sand edge
Treat with stain, primer
Sanded surface

Assembly according to the scheme

First assemble the frame. In order for the countertop to withstand a large load, it is reinforced with a frame made of timber, placed below using a piano loop. To make legs for the table with your own hands, you need a milling machine. They are attached to the frame using loops. To fix the legs, use an ordinary steel strut or a direct special furniture screed. In this case, the latch is enough to put only on 1 leg.

Do not use nails as fasteners. Use self-tapping screws or confirmations, which are easy to unscrew, while the design will be securely fixed.

Cut countertop
Reinforce with a timber frame
Make legs
Assemble the prop
Fasten the structure

Finish finish

A fully assembled product is coated with paint or varnish, which is applied in layers. Their number should be at least 3. In order to obtain a high-quality mirror-smooth surface, it will not be possible to do just polishing on a clean tree. After applying the varnish will appear small fibers. Therefore, after each applied layer, the surface is sanded with fine sandpaper.

In order for the fastenings to work better and securely fix the parts, add PVA glue to the nests or insert wooden planks there. To hide the junction of the countertops and legs, you need metal corners. Bolt holes are cut in the legs. Corners are connected to the countertop with self-tapping screws.

Antiseptics and substances that effectively protect against moisture are used to cover all elements. The use of various furniture nitrocellulose varnishes, which used to be popular, is now a rarity. Water-based acrylic varnishes will greatly benefit.

In several layers to varnish or paint, sand the surface
Treat the construction with an antiseptic and a substance that protects against moisture
For reliability of fastenings, add PVA glue to the nests or insert wooden planks
Coat with water-based acrylic varnish

Scandinavian style table making workshop

In large cities, the Scandinavian style is gaining popularity, the idea of ​​which is to abandon bright colors and excesses in decoration. The interiors are dominated by white color and light shades, minimalistic design, simple discreet furniture. A beautiful Scandinavian style table with metal legs is one of the most popular models. The product will not require significant time and material costs, however, it will harmoniously fit into any interior.


For a small room, the optimal size of the countertop is 80 x 50 cm. Height - 75 cm. The organic form allows you to position the product along the wall.

The array is sawn and ground. Marking of roundings with a radius of at least 6 cm is applied to the surface. The excess is cut off with an electric jigsaw, leaving a margin of several millimeters. Next, they measure the edging using a caliper, then milling the groove. Silicone sealant is applied to the end of the countertop, the upper edge of the edge and the groove. This provides protection against moisture. Then the edging is stuffed with a rubber mallet. Its ends are joined with a sharp knife.The resulting countertop is treated with a special liquid that counteracts swelling when wet. You can use products from Osmo TopOil, Belinka, Adler Legno.

The array is sawn and ground, marking is applied, excess is cut off
The edging is stuffed with a rubber mallet, the surface is treated with a special liquid


The most common option is a round metal support with a height of 71 cm and a diameter of 6 cm. These legs are easy to install. There are varieties of coating: glossy, matte, different shades. The table is easy to disassemble if you need to move it.

In the places of fastening of the leg holders to the lower surface of the countertop, two perpendicular lines are marked. Marked areas are degreased with acetone. The legs are set at a distance of about 10 cm from the edge of the countertop. The holders are fixed with self-tapping screws 2.5 cm long, then the supports are attached to them using an Allen key.

Mark the places of attachment of legs to the countertop
Fasten holders
Fasten the legs using an Allen key.


Metal supports are fixed on the screws to the countertop. The self-tapping screw should be shorter than the thickness of the material from which the countertop is made. Supports are usually equipped with fasteners.

After the table is made, you need to take care of the duration of the operating period. Wooden furniture, polished and varnished, needs careful care, it is easy to scratch, traces of contact with hot dishes may appear. It is better not to put products near heating systems and with walls facing the street. A table made of timber will last longer if it is carefully treated with special protective compounds.

Sand the countertop surface
Treat with special protective compounds


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